District Pilibhit is located in the terai region of Western Uttar Pradesh. District comes under Tarai & Bhawar as well as mid-western plain agro climatic zone of Uttar Pradesh. The soil of district mainly made up of transported and deposited material of aluminum dominated rocks of Tarai region having pH 7.0 to 8.1. The total Geographical area of the district is 377775 ha and net cultivated area is 235092 ha. Total irrigated area is 2.25 lac. ha..Which show that 96% area is irrigated. 2.19, 1.90 & 0.19850 lac ha area is under Kharif, Rabi & Zaid crop, respectively. Cropping intensity of the district is 182%, therefore, there is a great scope to increase the cropping intensity in the district. Normal rainfall is 1256mm and temperature between 4.5 to 470C. The main activity of the district is Agriculture. Wheat , Rice & sugar cane are the major crop of the district. Mainly five farming system are existing in district i.e. Agriculture-sugarcane-Horticulture; Agriculture-sugarcane-Animal husbandry; Agriculture-Animal husbandry-Sericulture; Agriculture-sugarcane-Animal husbandry-Horticulture & agriculture alone.
|Agro Ecological Situation||Characteristics|
|AES - I||The district having sandy loam & loam soils with water table 12 to 15 feet and moderate fertility. It is most suitable for paddy, wheat, sugarcane, Pulses & banana etc. Lalaurikhera, Marauri and Barkhera development blocks fall under this AES.|
|AES - II||The district having sandy loam to loam soils with moderate fertility medium rainfall, 15 to 20 feet water table. Two development blocks Viz. Bisalpur and Bilsanda come under this AES.|
|AES - III||The district having clay & clay loam soil with high fertility, high rainfall and most suited for paddy, summer paddy, wheat and sugarcane cultivation. Two blocks Puranpur and Amaria come under this AES & waterlogging occurs during rainy season. Water table ranges between 10 to 12 feet.|